refers to the ability of a building or space to be easily modified or reconfigured to meet changing needs over time. It is an important aspect of sustainable building design, as it allows buildings to adapt to changing uses, occupancies, and technologies, and to extend their useful life.

refers to the process of designing buildings, products, and systems to withstand the effects of time, use, and environmental factors, in order to extend their useful life. This approach aims to ensure that the building or product will continue to function as intended, with minimal maintenance and repairs, over its entire life cycle.

refer to actions taken to reduce the negative impacts of climate change on human and natural systems. These strategies aim to increase the resilience of communities, infrastructure, and ecosystems to the effects of climate change, such as sea-level rise, increased frequency of severe weather events, and changes in temperature and precipitation.