Building physics

is a diagnostic tool used to measure the airtightness of a building. The test involves sealing all doors and windows in the building and then using a powerful fan to depressurize or pressurize the building. By measuring the amount of air that needs to be added or removed to maintain a certain pressure difference, the blower door test can determine how much air is leaking into or out of the building.

is an analysis of natural light in a building/space to optimize its use in reducing the need for artificial lighting, evaluating the impact of factors such as shading devices, window size, placement, and building orientation.

evaluates a building’s energy efficiency by assessing its potential for passive design strategies, including building orientation, insulation, ventilation, shading, thermal mass, and renewable energy systems.

refers to a perceived comfortable indoor environment, including temperature, humidity, air movement and radiation, aimed at avoiding discomfort or stress to building occupants.

is the loss or gain of heat in building envelopes due to more efficient heat conduction in certain areas, such as corners, edges, and penetrations like window frames and balconies.

is a branch of fluid mechanics that uses numerical methods and computer software to predict fluid flow behavior in various applications like aerospace, automotive, environmental and biomedical engineering.

is a process of using open windows, vents, or other openings to circulate fresh air and improve indoor air quality, reducing the need for mechanical systems. It can be passive or active and the effectiveness is affected by the building’s design and architecture.